Aristotle    RHETORIC   350 BC   Greece

There is--as everyone to some extent knows--a universal law,
the law of nature,  a natural justice that is binding on all men


            Cicero   106-43 BC   Rome

True law is right reason in agreement with nature,
worldwide in scope, unchanging, everlasting.
We may not oppose or alter that law, we cannot abolish it,
we cannot be freed from its obligations by any legislature, and
we need not look outside ourselves for an expounder of it.

This law does not differ for Rome and for Athens,
for the present and for the future.
It is and will be valid for all nations for all time.
He who disobeys it denies himself and his own nature.


            Rousseau   1762   France

You will everywhere find the same basic ideas of good and evil.


            Lysander Spooner    NATURAL LAW   1882

We have a universal law; a self-evident,  paramount law;
a law that tells us what is just, honest, ownership, fraud, boundaries, right, crime, and truth;
and this law is the same law,  over all the world,  at all times,  and for all peoples:
and will be the same paramount and only law, at all times,
and for all peoples, so long as man shall live upon the earth.



NATURAL LAW -- COMMON SENSE: a principle based on harmony with
        humon freedom,  experience and unity;  and
                supreme over government or church law.



            The Golden Rule:   Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.


            The Libertarian Principle

All individuals can freely live as they choose as long as
they don't forcibly interfere with others.


            Robert Heinlein   THE MOON IS A HARSH MISTRESS   1966

I would be satisfied to have the Golden Rule be the only law.


            French National Assembly   1789

Freedom consists in doing those things that do not harm others.


            Declaration of Independence   1776

We hold these truths to be self-evident.


            Islam:    Love for your brother what you love for yourself.


            Epictetus   Rome   95 AD

What you shun to suffer,  do not make others suffer.


            Jainism:   Acaranga Sutra   India   468 BC

He who knows what is bad for himself   knows what is bad for others.


            Jewish Talmud:   Shabbat  31a

Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
    This is all the law, the rest is commentary.



Do not hurt others in ways that would be hurtful to yourself.



Regard your neighbor's gain as your own and his loss as your loss.



My teaching contains one principle that runs through it all:
do to another what you would have him do to you.
You only need this law alone;
it is the foundation and principle of all the rest.
In one word:


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